Lin Li, a 7th generation lineage holder in Ma Pai Bagua Zhang, discusses basic principles and body work for stationary stance training in Ma Style Bagua. The characteristic stances include the horse stance, 4/6 stance, and Ye Zhang stance. The concepts of Zhi Ji Gong Fu (Know Self Gong Fu) and Zhi Bi Gong Fu (Know Opponent’s Gong Fu) are described as well as the idea of Xi Kong Gai Nian (awareness of space and time in fighting). He also traces the connection of Ma Pai Bagua Zhang to the Yijing and The Art of War.
Ma Style Bagua: An IntroductionCMA Journal